Anti-globalization activists remind the United States of its unsuccessful military operations in Afghanistan, Libya, and Vietnam, ignoring the transformations of American (and, indeed, European) society. After all, today's millennials and boomers would rather drink coffee at Starbucks, fight climate change, and travel than fight for democracy in another country. This was the thesis that prevailed in American society before the Russian invasion, and it is the message on which Trumpism in America is based today.
Meanwhile, Russian society is shaped by different values, which are grounded in the right of force rather than the rule of law. In a system where armed aggression against a neighboring state and cynical violation of international law is called a "rebellion against globalism". Such anti-globalization rhetoric is supported in various countries by leaders willing to increase their influence in the geopolitical arena without altering their methods of governance.
This refers to authoritarian political regimes, such as China, Iran, Syria, and a number of other regimes in Asia and Africa, which perceive the Russian war, if not as a rebellion against globalism, then as a wrong reaction to the wrong, in their opinion, world order.
At the Munich Conference in 2021, US President Joseph Biden announced for the first time that Moscow had taken malicious and coordinated actions to undermine democracy in the United States, Europe, and beyond.
"We're at an inflection point," Biden said, "between those who argue that given all the challenges we face – from the fourth industrial revolution to a global pandemic – that autocracy is the best way forward, they argue, and those who understand that democracy is essential – essential to meeting those challenges."
Already in December 2021, the first Summit of Democracies, initiated by the United States, was held, which clearly marked the beginning of a new phase of confrontation between democracies and authoritarian regimes. All this was happening against the backdrop of Russia's preparations for a full-scale invasion.
And on 24 February 2022, a new page in the history of the world began, marking not only the final breakdown of the old world order but also the actual establishment of a conflict between two worlds.
A year later, on 20 and 21 February 2023, Biden confirmed his words: the war in Ukraine is a war of democracy against autocracy. It involves the military arsenal of the democratic world, as well as the autocratic regimes of Belarus and Iran, which provide infrastructure and weapons to support Russia's aggression.